Activity 3: Pilots and Demonstrations

GREENCRANES is a study taking the form of a pilot action. All the technical actions developed are oriented to the definition of real eco-efficient operational scenarios where the application of innovative technologies based on alternative fuels could show a significant reduction on energy consumption and GHG emissions, thus contributing to climate change adaptation and mitigation. ¡For this purpose, the project will develop at least three prototypes and will pilot them based on complementary approaches:

a. The first pilot and demonstration will be developed at Noatum Container Terminal Valencia (NCTV), Port of Valencia (Spain). The pilot will be based on the adaptation of yard equipment with the aim of testing alternatives for reducing energy consumption and local emissions taking into account the technical, economic and operational feasibility already studied within Activity 2. At least two of the following solutions will be piloted:

• Two new TT (Terminal Tractors) one powered with LNG and the other equipped with last generation diesel Phase IV.

• New RTG powered with LNG.

• Existing RTG retrofitted to be powered with LNG.

• Existing RTG retrofitted to be electrified.

• Existing RTG retrofitted with fuel saving system.

b. The second pilot and demonstration will be developed at the Port of Koper (Slovenia) and will be based on the implementation of a real time energy monitoring system which will be able to control energy consumption associated to port container operations. In addition, this prototype will take advantage of the requirements and procedures established by the international standard ISO 50001 about Energy Management Systems.

The pilot will be developed in the following phases:

- Container Terminal Past Performance Evaluation and Energy Costs Centres Establishment

- IT Decision Support Tool Design

- Measurement and Data Analysis

c. The third pilot and demonstration will be developed at the Port of Livorno (Italy) and will be based on the adaptation of a Reach Stacker vehicle to different motorisation alternatives. These alternatives will be selected as a result of the feasibility studies carried out within Activity 2. Reach Stackers are among the highest power diesel motorised vehicles among the yard equipment of a PCT and the use of alternative fuels such as LNG, Bio-Fuels or Hydrogen could consistently reduce their environmental impact.

The pilot will be developed according to the following phases:

- Design and Adaptation of the Selected Solution. Feasibility studies carried out during Activity 2 will allow the selection of, at least, one of the alternative fuels solutions considered: LNG, Bio-Fuels or Hydrogen.

- Pilot and Demonstration.The prototype will be tested during a piloting period in a PCT in the Port of Livorno. The prototype will be inserted in an existing operational PCT and it will demonstrate the practical improvement in terms of reduction of carbon footprint and energy consumption that the use of the prototype would entail.

The specific milestones scheduled for Activity 3 are as follows:

• Prototypes Pilots and Demonstrations Plan (M5): This document will comprise the needed conditions to carry out the proposed pilots and public demonstrations. It will identify the technical and economic constraints and will define the necessary actions to successfully develop the pilots and demonstrations.

• Report on Pilots Results, Policy Recommendations and Definition of Standards (M10): This report will collect the results obtained during the pilots. Moreover, it will reflect the validation process and defined criteria for the standardisation of the activities developed in Activity 3. This report aims to be a useful guide for port-logistic interested stakeholders in starting the processes of adaptation of PCTs to new technologies based on alternative fuels and for EU policy-makers requiring information about the technologies that generate the best socio-economic value and have the highest potential for rapid deployment across the EU.